France ranks 3rd in the world in terms of energy transition performance [fr]
France ranks in third place behind Norway and New Zealand, and ranks first in Europe.
This ranking includes 124 countries and takes 3 major categories of factors into account: economic development, environmental protection, and access to energy. France therefore leads the way in terms of energy sustainability.
France even ranks second in the world in terms of sustainable development, behind Sweden.
Carbon-free energy accounts for 51% of primary energy consumption in France, of which 42% comes from nuclear power. This figure rises to 90% for electricity generation alone: According to the 2012 report by France’s electricity transmission system operator (Réseau de Transport d’Electricité), 75% comes from nuclear power, 11.8% from hydropower, 2.8% from wind power, and 0.7% from solar photovoltaic power.
France also performs well in terms of energy costs in Europe, with the fourth smallest rise in energy prices, i.e. the sixth smallest rise in consumer prices.
The study explains that France’s energy policy focuses on the balance between sustainable and affordable energy. According to the report, France leads the way with respect to issues relating to the management of nuclear waste and nuclear components.
The World Economic Forum underscores the objective set by François Hollande of reducing the share of nuclear energy by 50% by 2025, and ensuring the independence of France’s Nuclear Safety Authority. The study also takes into account the recommendations that emerged from the debate on the energy transition.