Commitments of the countries for the climate, before COP21 [fr]
In December 2015 will be held in Paris the climate conference (COP21). On 26 August 2015, 56 countries, representing almost 60% of global emissions, had to present their contribution for the climate to the United Nations (UN).
Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) are a new type of instrument under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They are the “vehicle” through which the Parties intend to submit their commitments for the post-2020 period. Their submission by the Parties, scheduled ahead of COP21, will be a key component of the negotiations to achieve the Paris Agreement.
The United States have chosen to impose to their power plants to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 32% by 2030 compared to 2005, when the country experienced a peak of emissions (5.8 billion tons of CO2 equivalent). The 28 countries of the European Union have meanwhile pledged to reduce their emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990.
Several countries, such as Russia, China or the states of the European Union, have included in their calculations CO2 storage by forests that offset the high emissions.
However, unlike Switzerland, the European Union, Russia and the United States committed themselves not to include the possibility of using the carbon market in their emissions reduction effort. In fact, thanks to this market, a country can offset its emissions by buying carbon credits or by participating in projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Countries that have not yet presented their climate plan still have until October 1, 2015 to do so.
The INDC’s World Map is here=Total%20GHG%20Emissions%20Excluding%20Land-Use%20Change%20and%20Forestry&indicator=Total%20GHG%20Emissions%20Including%20Land-Use%20Change%20and%20Forestry&year=2012&chartType=geo]