50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Elysée
France and Germany are each other’s closest and most important political, economic, and cultural partners. The Elysée Treaty, signed on January 22, 1963 by French President Charles de Gaulle and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, remains the cornerstone of French-German cooperation. This partnership is the main engine of the European Union.
The Consul General of France in Hong Kong and Macau Mr. Arnaud BARTHELEMY and the Consul General of Germany in Hong Kong Mr. Werner LAUK address a statement together for the 50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Elysée:
|Fifty years after the signing of the Treaty of Elysée,
the Franco-German reconciliation remains an inspiring model
When awarding in December 2012 the Nobel Peace Prize to the European Union, the Nobel Prize Committee said “Today, war between Germany and France is unthinkable. This shows how, through well-aimed efforts and by building up mutual confidence, historical enemies can become close partners”.
Making war between France and Germany unthinkable is the first achievement of the Treaty of Elysée we celebrate today, fifty years after it was signed, on 22 January 1963, by the French President, Charles de Gaulle, and the German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer. The treaty set the seal on Franco-German reconciliation and the reconstruction of Europe as a peaceful edifice.
After 75 years of obsessive distrust and tragic confrontation that, from 1870 until 1945, took 70 million lives in Europe and around the world, 13 million in Germany and France alone, both countries decided to reverse the course of history.
The treaty was a strong political commitment and laid the foundation for concrete cooperation. In particular, a major and visionary achievement of the treaty was the emphasis on building up trust between the younger generations. Since 1963, the French-German Youth Office, has contributed to more than 8 million cross-border exchanges. Every year, almost 200,000 young people have the chance to visit the partner country.
In 2003, as a symbolic result of those efforts, French and German high school students suggested the creation of a history book with the same content for both countries. History professors from both countries worked together to create a textbook that shall reduce prejudice caused by mutual ignorance and misunderstanding.
The second achievement we celebrate today is the European integration, driven by the Franco-German “engine”. The recent sovereign debt crisis is a perfect example of the importance of the Franco-German couple. Since the beginning of the crisis, France and Germany have been working together, along with the other European countries, to push forward decisive actions to stabilize the euro financial markets and strengthen economic coordination.
Reconciliation between Germany and France has ensured peace and prosperity in Europe. 50 years after, it remains an inspiring model.
Consul General of Germany
Consul General of France
What is the Elysée Treaty?
It is a Treaty about organization and principles. Its main objective is to develop habits of consultation and cooperation between the French and German authorities through:
Regular meetings of Heads of State and governments, at least twice per year (today, it is twice per month)
Regular meetings of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and contact between high-level officials in German and French ministries, embassies and consulates
Regular meetings of the Ministers of Defense and the Chiefs of Staff of the two countries as well as authorities in charge of education and youth
Creation of an inter-ministerial commission to follow and coordinate cooperation and to report to both governments. Today, the European Ministers, who are also Secretaries General for the French-German cooperation, fill this role.
A clear political commitment: “the two governments will consult each other, prior to any decision, on all important questions of foreign policy, and in the first place on questions of common interest, with a view to arriving, insofar as possible, at a similar position”.
The main areas of cooperation identified in the Treaty are:
1) Foreign Affairs, which includes European construction, East-West relations (the Treaty was signed 18 months after the construction of the Berlin Wall), International Organizations, including NATO and the UN, as well as assistance to developing countries
2) Defense, with objectives including harmonizing military doctrines, increasing exchange of personnel, and developing joint armaments programs
3) Education and Youth, with the goal of promoting language instruction, ensuring the standardization of university degrees and diplomas, and increasing cooperation between French and German research and scientific institutions.
The creation of a French-German Fund for exchanges between the two countries’ students is one of the most important achievements of the Elysée Treaty. The French-German Youth Organization has facilitated more than 8 million cross-border youth exchanges since its creation.
What are the main accomplishments of the Elysée Treaty?
The scope of cooperation has expanded: new bodies for high-level consultation have been created in the domains of defense, culture, environment, economy, and finance. Regular summits have been transformed into a Council of Ministers, including different members of the French and German governments, while other meetings are limited to the French President and the German Kanzler (Blaesheim format). Constant dialogue between French and German authorities is facilitated by numerous exchanges of officials. For example, there are German diplomats in the French Cabinet of the Prime Minister and the office of the French Foreign Minister.
New bilateral projects have been launched: the French-German Baccalaureate (ABIBAC, or common high school diploma), the French-German University, ARTE (a French-German bilingual TV network), a joint high-speed train company, and a French-German history textbook. The two countries have also organized a joint NATO summit (Strasbourg/Kehl in 2009).
The French-German EU “engine” has been strengthened: Because of the methodology established by the Elysée Treaty, France and Germany have a constant open dialogue and are always working towards reaching agreements. This enables the two countries to initiate and develop various projects to move the European construction forward, such as the creation of a French-German Brigade (which prefigured the European Army Corps and the development of the Common Security and Defense Policy), the successful launching of EADS and Airbus, the borderless Schengen area, the Euro, and the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty. Recently, the cooperation between France and Germany has been instrumental in setting up the European Stability Mechanism and Fiscal Pact.
How are France and Germany marking this celebration?
High-level and ceremonial meetings:
1) July 8th, 2012 in Reims (50th anniversary of the meeting between Général de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer),
2) September 22, 2012 in Ludwigsburg (50th anniversary of General de Gaulle’s speech to German youth);
3) January 22, 2013 in Berlin (commemoration of the signing of the Elysée Treaty with an extraordinary meeting of the French-German Council of Ministers and a joint session of both parliaments);
4) July 5th, 2013 in Paris (50th anniversary of the creation of the French-German Youth Organization).
Many events are taking place, not only in France and Germany, but around the world, to celebrate this anniversary. These events are meant to emphasize the importance of youth and civilians in maintaining peace and cooperation. Between France and Germany there are more than 4,300 school partnerships, 22 regional and 2,200 sister cities, as well as 300 French-German friendship associations which play a crucial role in promoting exchanges between French and German people. As French economist Jean Monnet once said, “Europe was not designed to promote a coalition of States but to unite the European people.”
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Article published on the Chinese journal Ming Pao on 22 Jan 2013